Peonies need to be watered weekly until the ground freezes in the fall. Do this in the fall for best results! Some varieties move easily in spring or fall, but others, if moved in spring, won’t flower for a year or two. Don’t worry if they have little or no flowers in the first year after transplanting, they are just settling in, and should bloom well after that. flower for only a short period in early summer, but these perennials can survive 20 years or more in the garden. Transplanting peonies so they rebloom takes some attention to details. Peonies divided in the spring … First, dig up the plant. How to Dig Up Peony Plants to Move. After first frost The most successful time to move peonies is in the fall … Remove the mulch in early spring, before new growth appears. Remove the mulch prior to the growing season in the spring. Transplanting peonies in spring may interrupt growth and flowering. After transplanting peonies, don’t expect plants to flower the following spring. Like Oriental poppies or Siberian irises, they rarely require dividing; but if you want to break a mature plant into several smaller ones or to move an existing plant, the work is best done in late summer or early fall. In November, spread 4-6 inches of mulch over your peonies to keep soil temperatures stable through the winter. If you need to transplant peonies, the best time to do so is in the fall after they finish blooming and are approaching dormancy. Peonies are a little different from most perennials in this regard. Peonies transplant better when you divide them. Peonies love to be fed, so inthe spring give them a dose of fertilizer meant for blooming plants. You may see a few blooms the second year after planting, but it’s in the third and fourth years that flower numbers should make a comeback. Peonies are perennials, meaning they return every year, bringing outrageously beautiful blooms to your garden each spring. Peonies (Paeonia spp.) A layer that’s 4 to 6 inches deep should prevent frost heave. Resource links: Transplant peonies Growing peonies Don’t worry if the flowers seem a bit sparse the first spring after moving established peonies. Peonies have been known to thrive for more than a century, so your peonies may outlive you. Peonies display their luscious flowers for a few weeks starting in spring. Peonies can be left undisturbed in the garden for many years. The transplanted peony may not produce as many, if any, flowers as before it was transplanted. When transplanting a peony, it can take three to four years for it to become reestablished and bloom abundantly. Dig in circles around the plant, going deeper and deeper until you can gently lift the root ball out of the ground. After planting, water the divisions thoroughly. Avoid transplanting peonies in summer unless circumstances demand it. They love cold winters and need chilling time to make flowers. 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